Schaumburg was originally settled in the 1830s and for decades was a very small farming village well through the mid-20th century. Formal incorporation did not occur until March 7th, 1956, when the newly-designated Village boasted 130 residents in its 2 square miles (Village, “Schaumburg’s History“). Soon thereafter, Schaumburg developed very rapidly into a modern suburban community in the “second wave” of suburbanization that occurred after World War Two. The development of Interstate 90, as well as the opening of the massive Woodfield Mall in the early 1970s, signaled the emergence of Schaumburg as a thriving and expanding suburb as opposed to a sleepy farm community. While these developments resulted in massive transformation of the Village’s physical landscape as well as a dramatic increase in its human population, it also featured the emergence of Schaumburg as a hub of business.
Retail development projects proceeded rapidly from the 1970s onward, as did the establishment of many corporate headquarters in and around Schaumburg, such as Motorola, Zurich-American Insurance, IKEA, and many others. According to the Village of Schaumburg’s website, “Schaumburg is home to nearly 5,000 businesses that employ over 80,000 people” (Village, “Economic Development — Major Employers“). Motorola and Zurich-American are by far the biggest employers in the Village — with 7,000 and 2,300 employees respectively — while IKEA is the largest retail employer in Schaumburg.
The high profile and important economic presence of corporations within the Village suggests that Corporate Social Responsibility is potentially an incredibly important driver of sustainability efforts in the Village.
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